SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT RULES FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

First let us try to understand what is Subject and what is Verb.

1.Subject:  A Subject Shows what the sentence is about , who or what performs the action.

Example: Passtrick Conduct online Classes.(What or who are we talking About. The answer is Passtrick. So Passtrick is the answer )

A blade can be Used for shaving (So Blade is the Subject )

Next what is the Verb?

The action done by the Subject is the Verb-What does the subject do? The answer we get is the verb.

I teach Quant in My Blog (I is the subject. What do I do? The answer is teach. So teach is the verb)

Once the Subject Verb have been identified we need to see whether they agree or not. This means  the subject is singular  verb will be singular.  Subject is Plural the verb will be Plural.

Singular Verb: is ,was has am.

Plural Verb: are ,were,have etc.

RULE 1: 

Subject not always come before the verb in questions. Make Sure you accurately identify the subject.

Examples:  Where are the pieces of cake?

(The subject is not the Cake but  its Pieces and the Subject is Plural).

The Study of Literatures and Science is very Important For your Knowledge.

(Here the subject is Knowledge)

RULE 2: 

Note: When two singular nouns are connected by AND Verb used will be Plural.

Example.

The Boy And the Girl waiting outside the Gym.

NOTE:
  1. When two Nouns connected by AND together represent the same person, same thing and same idea the verb used will be singular.

(Example: The  Principal and the Math Teacher Has not come to the College Today. )Here Principal is also the               MathTeacher.

2. If two different singular noun expresses same idea, the verb should be in singular form.

a)The law and order situation in the country are  under control(wrong)

b)The law and order situation in the country is  under control(Right)

RULE 3: 

Unlike, no less than, nothing but, as well as, with, along with, together with, and not, in addition to, but, besides, except, rather than accompanied by, and like. If these are the connecting words that join two subjects than the verb used will be according to the subject.

1. My sister, unlike my brothers, wishes to have a career in commerce.(Here My sister and wishes singular ).

2. The actress along with her manager and some friends are invited to the function(incorrect)

The actress along with her manager and some friends is invited to the function(correct)

RULE 4: 

When two or more subjects are connected by or,nor,either….or,neither..nor,the verb is according to the subject close to it.

Examples: 

1. Either Mohan or Ram are to be promoted(incorrect)

Either Mohan or Ram is to be promoted(correct)

2. Neither the girls nor he are to take up the task(incorrect)

Neither the girls nor he is to take up the task(correct)

3.Either or I are responsible for this error.(incorrect)

Either or I am responsible for this error.(correct)

RULE 5: 

Usage of Either, Neither None etc.

Note: Neither of…….It is used in the case when both are Negative. (both are not able to do the task).

Neither of his five sons settled in India(Incorrect)

None of his five sons settled in India(correct)

Either of……it means the choice between the two persons.

One of….it is used to select one out of the two or more than two things.

‘Both’/’not’

Do not use both and not in the same sentence.

RULE 5: 

when Not Only……But Also is used to combine the two subject ,the verb agrees with the subject close to it.

Examples:

a)Not only tin but also lead are mined in this country(incorrect)

b)Not only tin but also lead is mined in this country(incorrect)

c)Not only boys but also coach wants a day off.(incorrect)

d)Not only boys but also coach wants a day off.(incorrect)

subject verb agreement

Subject Verb Agreement has 26 Rules And we will cover all of this in next post.