SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-3 (FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS)
RULE 11 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-3)
When a lot of, a great deal of, plenty of, most of, and some of the mention to the number (countable noun), a plural verb is used.
A lot of persons was present in the walkway some of the students were inattentive (Incorrect)
A lot of people were present in the walkway some of the students were inattentive (Correct)
If these terms refer to an amount (Uncountable noun), the verb is in the singular number.
A lot of tasks has to be over before we go (Correct)
A great deal of task has been finished (Correct)
Names of nations are always singular. Certain names like West Indies and the U.S may seem to be
plural as they are finishes in s character but they are singular. But in game, while referring to the players, the name of the
nation is followed by a plural verb.
India has won the Cup. (Incorrect)
India have won the Cup. (Correct)
RULE 13 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-3)
When the ‘enemy’ is used in the sense “armed forces” of a country with which one’s nation is at war, we haveto use the plural verb.
The enemy were forced to withdraw.
The enemy were pushed back into their own lands by the Indian Army.
RULE 14 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-3)
Construction: none + of the + non-count noun + singular verb
None of the fake money have been found (incorrect)
None of the fake money has been found (correct)
Grammar Structure: none + of the + plural count noun + plural verb
None of the schoolboys has done the exam yet (incorrect)
None of the schoolboys have done the exam yet (correct)
No can take either a singular or plural verb subject to the noun which follows it.
Grammar Structure: No + singular noun + singular verb
No example is applicable to this case (correct)
Grammar Structure: No + plural noun + plural verb
No examples are applicable to this case (correct)
A number of / the number of
Note the two structures:
Grammar structure 1: a number of + plural noun + plural verb.
Grammar structure 2: the number of + plural noun + singular verb.
A number of scholars is going to the class picnic (Incorrect)
A number of scholars are going to the class picnic.(Correct)
The number of month in a year are twelve.(Incorrect)
The number of month in a year is twelve (correct)
The number of peoples who live in this colony are quite small (Correct)
A number of the candidates have now been interviewed. (Correct)
a)Sometimes the pronoun who , that, or which is the subject of a verb in the middle of the sentence. The
b)pronouns who, that, and which become singular or plural according to the noun directly in front of them.
Now, if that noun is termed as singular, use then a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb.
c)The verb should not be chosen according to the subject of the sentence.
He is one of the boys who do the work.
The word in front of who is boys, which is plural. Therefore, use the plural verb do.
RULE 17 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-3)
The word were exchanges was in sentences that expresse a wish or are opposing to fact.
Example: If the tutor were here, you’d have to answer the question.
The tutor is singular so it should be followed by was. But the tutor isn’t actually here, so we say were, not was. The sentence shows effects that are hypothetical, wishful, unreal, or truthfully contrary. In such sentences, we use were.
I wish it were Sunday.
The following are taken as singular.
Each, Every, Everyone, Someone, Somebody, Nobody, None, One, Any, Many a, More than one are considered as singular. We will use now a singular verb, a singular pronoun and obviously a singular noun with them.
(1) Each pupil from Apex has cleared the exam.
(2) Each schoolboy and each schoolgirl has to finish his work by the weekend.
(3) More than one guy was present there.
(4) Each boy and each girl was decorated by the host.
The word many is to be used in the subsequent ways.
1 Many a scholar is standing in the canteen.
2 Many scholars were standing in the canteen.
3 A great many scholars were standing in the canteen.
a)But if each, every, one is followed by ‘of ‘ then the word will be followed by a plural noun/pronoun.
b)But the verb and pronoun used in the sentence will be singular.
c)One of the girls/them has made a card for her educator.
Indefinite Pronoun –
If ‘One’ is subject of the sentence given then the pronouns used will be ones, oneself etc.
Do not use him, himself in the sentence.
(1) One should finish his work in time. (Incorrect – use one’s in place of his.)
(2) One should keep one’s talent. (Correct)
In optative sentences, the verb used is always plural regardless of the subject. Even with singular subjects,we use a plural verb.
1) Deity save the world!
2) Long live our PM!
3) May he achieve feat!
RULE 20 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-3)
Terms: Amount of/ quantity of + Uncountable Noun the verb used will always be used as a singular.
(1) The amount of sugar are not sufficient to prepare a glass of Lassi. (Incorrect- Use is)
(2) The amount of Cash is not sufficient (Correct)