SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT DETAILED
RULE 6 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-2)
When ‘not only ……. but also’ is used to join two subjects, the verb settles with the subject close to it.
1.Not only tin but also lead are extracted in this country. (Incorrect)
2.Not only tin but also lead is extracted in this country. (Correct)
3.Not only the girls but also the coach wants a day off.
4.Not only the coach but also the girls want a day off.
RULE 7 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-2)
When two nouns linked by “and” have their own objects then we consider them as plural and plural verb is used.
1.The Actor and the producer is shooting in Manali. (Incorrect)
2.The Actor and the producer are shooting in Manali. (Correct)
However when two nouns combined by “and” do not have their own articles then we ponder them as singular and a singular verb is used. The article is used simply before the first noun.
1.The Teacher and director of the school are on leave for three days.
2.A big and relaxed chair is needed in my schoolwork.
3.A brown and a white cat —– means two cats.
4.A brown and white cat ——–only one cat with both colours black and white.
RULE 8 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-2)
The Majority can be singular or plural. If it is used alone it is generally singular if it is followed by a plural noun, it
1.The majority believe that the country can develop (Incorrect)
2.The majority believes that the country can develop(Correct)
3.The majority of the orators believes that the student has not cheated in the examination (Incorrect)
4.The majority of the orators believe that the student has not cheated in the examination (Correct)
A collective noun is a word that is used for a whole set. It denotes a group of persons.
Examples of collective nouns
family, group, agency, class, organisation, team, military, club, mob, regime, jury, minority, public, mob etc.
1.The board have met and accepted the proposal (Incorrect)
2.The board has met and accepted the proposal (Correct)
3.The family were glad at the news (Incorrect)
4.The family was glad at the news (Correct)
5.The crowd was wild with enjoyment (Correct)
6.Our players are certain to triumph the match (Correct)
A collective noun is treated as plural after the group it names is measured to be made up of individuals.
Because members of the group can act on their own, the word is considered plural.
a)The play’s cast is repeating their lines.
b)The plural subject cast needs the plural verb are because the members of the cast are working as individual people doing distinct things.
c)The jury often have dissimilar reactions to the proof they hear.
d)The plural subject jury needs the plural verb have because the members of the jury are being reflected as individuals.
Our team is going to triumph the match. ( treated as one unit)
The team have to buy their dresses themselves. (Referring to the individual members)
RULE 10 (SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT PART-2)
Usually, with a plural number, we practice a plural verb.
Ten banyan trees were cut down by the woodcutters.
But for nouns representing a specific time, money, and dimensions (weight, distance and height) used as a
whole are singular and take a singular verb.
1.Eighty-five thousand rupees are not such big sum for him (Incorrect)
2.Eighty-five thousand rupees is not such big sum for him (Correct)
3.Two miles are too much for this guy to run. (Incorrect)
4.Two miles is too much for this guy to run (Correct)
But when they are not used as a total and are further segmented into smaller parts we use a plural verb.