REASONING QUESTIONS FOR SBI PO
Directions (Q1-15): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer
(A) If only assumption I is implicit.
(B) If only assumption II is implicit.
(C) If either I or II is implicit.
(D) If neither I nor II is implicit
(E) If both I and II are implicit
Q1. Statement: Unless the officials do their duty honestly and with the spirit to serve the nation, the constitution of any number of safety board͛s amounts to nothing but paper work.
I. Safety boards are useless.
II. Employees of the department can prevent
Q2. Statement: In India, whenever a disaster occurs it is time for the government to constitute a committee.
I. Making committees is an unnecessary
exercise and is meant to fool the public.
II. No committee͛s recommendations has
been implemented in the past.
Q3. Statement: The Bhagavad Gita speaks of God͛s intervention in the affairs of human beings to restore righteousness.
I. Bhagavad Gita is a holy book.
II. Human beings are guided by God.
Q4. Statement: Some are forced to leave their novels just when they are reaching its tantalizing end.
I. Novels are very interesting and no one
put it down without finishing it.
II. Students generally are afraid of their
while reading novels
Q5. Statement: The railways have been fudging accident figures for years in order to paint a rosy picture of their safety
I. These days railway accidents are very
II. Passengers prefer safest mode of
Q6. Statement: We might come from different cultures, but we are part of one world. What I found in meeting my wife and eventually marrying her is that human values are not necessarily different.
I. The speaker and his wife belong to two different countries.
II. Generally, people differentiate between the two cultures.
Q7. Statement: The management of the municipal corporation has come up with an ingenious idea for shirking work.
I. The municipal corporation has a lack of manpower.
II. The employees of the municipal corporation
are inefficient in their work.
Q8. Statement: People think nothing of spitting out from a moving bus, throwing empty Uncle chips packet by the roadside and dropping banana skins from the car window and even flushing construction debris down the sewer lines.
I. People lack civic sense.
II. The speaker knows civic manner.
Q9. Statement: Infiltration of criminals into politics is a dangerous development and the voters should oppose such candidates irrespective of their party labels.
I. Criminals can fight elections.
II. Even big national parties grant tickets to criminals.
Q10. Statement: The big boys are getting ready — and this battle could be more viciously fought than ever before.
I. There is a price war going on between two leading companies.
II. People enjoy watching such battles.
Q11. Statement: ͞Buy the most contemporary design. That way you͛ll be seen driving the latest. And in case you want to sell it, you will always get a good price….͟ Advertisement of a car.
I. People want to buy those models of cars whose resale value is high.
II. The design of a car plays an important role in purchasing it.
Q12. Statement: The dawn of the new millennium could affect computers and computer-run activities.
I. The dawn of the new millennium will be sad for some people.
II. The Y2K specialist can solve the problem.
Q13. Statement: All astrology is fake. Some eminent people have categorically stated that stars and planets have no influence on human life.
I. The speaker believes the statement of eminent people.
II. Eminent people never give wrong statements.
Q14. Statement: The DTC has the lowest fares in the country and perhaps, as a consequence, provides also the worst city bus service anywhere.
I. The fare of buses depends on the prices of diesel oils.
II. The increased fare will improve the services provided by DTC buses.
Q15. Statement: A brand is essentially a seller͛s promise to consistently deliver a specific set of features, benefits and services to the buyers.
I. A branded good always gives satisfaction to the buyers.
II. An unbranded good does possess the same set of features as that of branded goods.
Directions (Q16-30): Given below are pairs of events ͚A͛ and ͚B͛. You have to read both the events ͚A͛ and ͚B͛ and decide their nature of the relationship . You have to assume that the information given in ͚A͛ and ͚B͛ is true and you will not assume anything beyond the given information in deciding the answer. Mark answer
(A) If ͚A͛ is the effect and ͚B͛ is its immediate and
(B) If ͚A͛ is the immediate and principal cause and
͚B͛ is its effect.
(C) If ͚A͛ is an effect but ͚B͛ is not its immediate
and principal cause.
(D) If ͚B͛ is an effect but ͚A͛ is not its immediate
and principal cause.
(E) None of these
Q16. Event (A): Mr A will fight the election from Amethi parliamentary constituency.
Event (B): Mrs S has decided to retain Bellary parliamentary constituency.
Q17. Event (A): Pakistan banks began a push against defaulters.
Event (B): Pakistan͛s new military ruler is encouraged by international reaction and understanding of what he was trying to do.
Q18. Event (A): A gay 14-year-old youth is expelled from a prestigious private school.
Event (B): The youth has announced he is in love with a schoolmate.
Q19. Event (A): The Duchess hinted in a newspaper that she would like to marry Andrew again.
Event (B): Britain͛s prince Andrew has ruled out remarrying his ex-wife, the Duchess of York.
Q20. Event (A): A handful of women have managed to transform the living conditions near their homes.
Event (B): The project, ͚Better Environment Campaign͟ was started by a group of retired defense officers͛ wives in 1995.
Q21. Event (A): The finance ministry has imposed additional taxation.
Event (B): The fiscal deficit of the country has been reduced.
Q22. Event (A): The ministerial talks between India and Pakistan failed.
Event (B): Led by a strong believer in people to people contact, the Gandhian Nirmala Deshpande, a busload of Indian women spent a week in Pakistan.
Q23. Event (A): The high-profile criminal was arrested and put behind bars.
Event (B): The cops made more than adequate security arrangements in jail.
Q24. Event (A): A new TV channel has been launched with much fanfare.
Event (B): The govt has come up with a policy to put a check on the proliferation of TV channels.
Q25. Event (A): Actress X decided to play more serious roles in films.
Event (B): The last film of actress X, in which she played a glamorous girl, turned out to be a flop.
Q26. Event (A): The migratory route of elephants in Area X has been blocked by construction of dams and other structures.
Event (B): Elephants of Area X have turned into violent creatures — destroying crops and trampling people to death.
Q27. Event (A): Three-wheelers went on strike in protest against the hike in petrol prices.
Event (B): The talks between the government and the leaders of the three-wheelers͛ union have failed.
Q28. Event (A): Party A was unhappy with the results of UP assembly by-elections where it lost all the seats.
Event (B): Party A has changed the chief Minister of UP.
Q29. Event (A): High Court has ordered to clean city X.
Event (B): More than 20 people died of cholera in city X.
Q30. Event (A): CBI has called Kapil Dev and Sidhu for interrogation.
Event (B): Kapil Dev and Sidhu have been charged in match-fixing
Directions (Q31-40): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between strong and weak arguments. Strong arguments are those, which are both important and directly related to the question. Weak arguments are those, which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. The question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments a Strong argument is and which a weak argument is
(A) Only argument I is strong
(B) Only argument II is strong
(C) Either argument I or II is strong
(D) Neither argument I nor II is strong
(E) Both argument I and II are strong
Q31. Statement: Should schools in India have only one board of education?
Arguments: I) Yes, it will create uniformity and equality in education.
II No, it will reduce chances of either quality education or/and may affect literacy rate.
Q32. Statement: Do jails reform prisoners by converting their mind against crime? .
Arguments: I. Yes. they learn some work which would keep them to earn their bread and butter when they are out of prison.
II. No. They will come in contact with new and hard boiled criminals and learn new tricks of their old profession.
Q33. Statement: Should there be a compulsory military training for each College Student in India?
Arguments: I. No, this goes against the basic democratic right of an individual to choose his/her own programs.
Q34. Statement: Should only nuclear power be used to generate electricity?
Argument: I. Yes. This will help reduce air pollution to a great extent.
II. No. Radioactive material used in nuclear plants is unsafe for large-scale use.
Q35. Statement: Should there be a total ban on use of plastic bags?
Arguments: I. No. Instead the thickness of
plastic bags, which can be used without much damage to the environment, should be specified.
II. Yes. Use of plastic bags causes various problems like water pollution and waterlogging and hence it is necessary to ban it.
Q36. STATEMENT: Should all the universities in the country switch over to grade system rather than awarding marks?
ARGUMENTS: I. Yes, with the students falling in a particular range of marks can be treated
II. No, It will be difficult to rank the students when required to be short-listed.
Q37. STATEMENT: Should the rule of wearing helmet for both driver and pillion-rider while riding a motorbike be enforced strictly?
ARGUMENTS: I. Yes. It is rule and rules should be followed strictly by all.
Q38. STATEMENT: Should smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol by the actors be completely banned in the movies in India?
ARGUMENTS: I. Yes, This will significantly reduce the trend of smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol among the youth in India.
II. No, The films portray the society and hence such scenes should be an integral part of the movie if the storyline demands so.
Q39. STATEMENT: Should all the youngsters below 21 years of age be disallowed from going to a beer bar?
ARGUMENTS: I. No, it is not correct to prevent mature youngsters above 18 years of age who can vote from having fun.
II. Yes, the entry fee to such pubs should also be hiked.
Q40: STATEMENT: Should all education be made free in India for girls and women of all ages?
ARGUMENTS: I. Yes. This is the only way in which the parents will make their daughters come out and study.
II. No. This step will weaken the present social structure.
1(B) 2(D) 3(A) 4(A) 5(E) 6(E) 7(B) 8(B) 9(E) 10(D)
11(E) 12(D) 13(E) 14(B) 15(D) 16(E) 17(E) 18(A) 19(B) 20(A)
21(B) 22(D) 23(B) 24(D) 25(A) 26(E) 27(E) 28(D) 29(A) 30(A)
31(B) 32(E) 33(A) 34(B) 35(E) 36(E) 37(B) 38(E) 39(A) 40(D)