A noun is a word used as a name of an individual, residence or object.
Kinds of Nouns
- Proper Noun
- Common Noun
- Collective Noun
- Material Noun
- Abstract Noun
Proper noun– It is the name of a particular person, place, animal or thing.
Example— Delhi, Yamuna, Rohit, Hemant
(2) Common Noun
A common noun represents one or all the members of a class.
Example— boy, girl, town, river etc.
(3) Collective Noun
It’s a word that refers to a group of individuals.
Example—Committee, clergy, company, enemy, group, family, flock, public, Team, Army, battalion, audience etc.
(4) Material Noun
A material noun is a word for a material, a matter, or an element that other things are made from.
Examples are– Concrete, cotton, gold, Steel, meat, milk etc.
The bag is made of Leather.
Gold ornaments is very popular in India.
Material Noun is deliberated as uncountable and we use a singular verb with them. We do not use the article before them.
(5) Abstract Noun
An abstract noun is a word which terms something that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste etc.
Examples: Consideration, parenthood, belief, happiness, care etc.
Most words finish in ness /hood/ship/ty/th are abstract nouns. Eg- Juvenile, freshness, integrity, duty, friendship, courtship etc. Nouns can further be divided into-
(A) Countable (B) Uncountable
Headphones, knickers, premises (buildings), Alms, shells, amends, archives, debts, auspices, Congratulations, embers, fireworks, lodgings, borders, particulars, proceeds, regards, riches, remains, savings, shambles, surroundings, tidings, furnishings, salaries, leftovers, troops, tactics, thanks, valuables, forceps, wages, possessions, braces, Scissors, tongs, pliers, grippers, bellows trousers, pants, pyjamas, shorts, gallows, tusks, spectacles, goggles, binoculars, spectacles.
These nouns are at all times plural and a plural verb is used with them.
Examples: These scissors are for cutting newspaper.
Your clothes are muddy.
Have you seen my spectacles? I want to read the paper.
What kind of belongings does your firm produce?
The table of subjects should not contain any pictures.
Weapons were used to scatter the crowd.
I live on the borders of the city.
Some of these nouns are often used with the communication a pair of, as they refer to stuff made up of two portions:
- a pair of jeans
- a pair of pants
- a pair of shoes
- a pair of slippers
- a pair of eyeglasses
- a pair of headphones
- a pair of earrings
Important Note: With a pair of ……. Always a singular verb will be used.
A pair of jeans was lying on the bed.
These nouns look as if to be plural but are actually singular and we practice a singular verb with them.
News, Innings, Summons, linguistics.
Names of subjects ending in “s”.
Examples –Physics, Economics, Beliefs, Mathematics,
Names of diseases ending in “s”.
Examples – Mumps, Measles, Rickets, Shingles, etc
Names of games ending in “s”
Billiards, Athletics, Snookers
- Athletics is good for young persons.
- Linguistics is the study of verbal.
- Hockey is a popular game in India.
- Billiards is played all over the sphere.
These nouns look as if as singular but are plural and a plural verb is used with them.
Livestock, cavalry, infantry, poultry, peasantry, offspring, gentry, police, people, etc
Such nouns are used in singular form only and they are an uncountable form only.
The Scenery, Poetry, Furniture, Advice, Data, Hair, Business, Disruption, Bread, Stationery, Crockery, Luggage, Baggage, Postage, Knowledge, Expenditure, Money, Jewellery, Breakage, Apparatus, Work, Evidence, Word, Fuel, Quilt.
We cannot use a/an with these nouns closely before them. To precise an extent of an uncountable noun, use a word or look like some, a lot of, much, a bit of, a great deal of.
- He gave me a great deal of assistance before my interview.
- Can you give me some data about uncountable nouns?
- He did not have much tea left.
- A lot of pleasing jewellry were available in the shop.
- A piece of jewellry is here for you.
Note: The verb varies as per the usage of the noun.
Hair: Be cautious with the noun hair which is usually uncountable in English, so it is not used in the plural. It
Can be countable only when referring to discrete hairs.
Example: She has long dense hair.
Two strands of grey hair were found by the police in the compartment.
Paper: When paper denotes to exams it is countable otherwise it is singular.
A lot of paper is used by journalists.
I have to answer two English papers in June.
Deer, sheep, series, species, crew, jury, aircraft, counsel etc. These words are in the similar usage in singular and plural.
1 A deer was seen in the park.
2 Two deer were seen in the park
For nouns ending in full add s to full to make it plural.
E.g. Cupful- Cupful’s (correct)
Teaspoonfuls, cupful’s, handfuls, glassfuls
Languages as a ten-rupee note, a two-mile walk, a five-year-old child, a Four -day workshop, a Nine-man committee is used as a singular. We don’t pluralize them. Hyphenated words are not pluralized.
(a) I attended a five days workshop.(incorrect use three -day workshop)
(b) A Five-member committee was formed to look into the substance. (Correct)
Words like a dozen, score, pair, hundred, million when used after a number are used as a singular.
Wrong: I bought four pairs of gloves.
Right: I bought four pairs of gloves.
Languages like the poor, the blind, the deaf etc., are always plural. We don’t have to mark their plural methods by adding –s to them.
There are certain nouns which are used by Americans while speaking but they are incorrect.
What is your good Surname? (Incorrect)
What is your Surname? (Correct)