IBPS CLERK MAINS ENGLISH RC
Instructions (1-5): Read the passage given underneath and then answer the questions given underneath the passage.
The United Nations since its beginning has encouraged international cooperation through upholding international peace and security, promoting human rights and development of social and economic development. India was an institutional member of the United Nations, linking it in October 1945, two years before gaining independence from the British Raj. By 1946, it had started rising concerns regarding colonialism, demilitarization and racial discrimination. It stood at the front during the UN’s unbridled years of struggle against colonization and apartheid. In 1953, the chief delegate of India at the time,
Vijaya Laxmi Pandit was chosen the first woman President of UN General Assembly. India reinforced the struggle towards global demilitarization and the ending of the arms race, and towards the formation of a more unbiased international economic order. Having faced the trouble of colonization for centuries India took a very robust stand on decolonization and the foundation of a ‘free world’ where no country is conquered by the other and every country is allowable to maintain its autonomy and preserve its dominion.
India was also elected the first chair of the Decolonization Board where its ceaseless efforts to put an end to colonization have been praised. India was also amongst the frankest critics of apartheid and racial discrimination in South Africa. Being the establishment member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Group of 77, India paved its position within the UN system as a foremost advocate of the concerns and goals of developing nations and the creation of a more unbiased international economic and political order.
A major blow to India’s active contribution in the United Nations Reforms happened between 1962-1976 when India confronted a war with China following which it became involved in two wars with Pakistan. This was a period of Economic inaction, Political unsteadiness and famine like conditions all over India. Soon after the UN’s, non-proliferation agenda became another nuisance that forced India to view some units of the group with a distaste for commanding discriminatory regimes instead of promoting universal demilitarization.
India has worried about the importance of the United Nations as a strong international organization, which should reflect the modern global realities. India has been actively working with other concurring countries for building support of UN membership for meaningful reform and expansion of UNSC. Nations from Africa find no place in enduring membership in spite of 75% of the UNSC work being attentive there.
The Government of India has sturdily put forward India’s case for permanent membership to the Security Council, which is based on its general involvement to the activities of the UN particularly the conservation of international peace and security. So far India has taken part in 43 Peacekeeping missions with The total influence exceeding 160,000 troops and a noteworthy number of police personnel having been installed.
June 21 was professed as the International Day of Yoga by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 2014. India has frolicked a key role in the United Nations reforms. It has been the driving force behind many reforms like the end of colonization and apartheid. It has always taken a strong stand on issues of national importance and spoken actively about those of global importance.
a)India stood for the act of dipping the number of weapons in the world.
b)In mid-1900, there was famine in major parts of India.
c)India has never stressed the importance of the UN as a powerful international organization,
(A) Only A
(B) Only B
(C) Only C
(D) Both A & B
(E) All A, B & C
(A) UN’s agenda of encouraging nuclear weapon growth in the world.
(B) UN’s agenda towards not increasing the permanent memberships of Security Council.
(C) UN’s plan of counting non-African nations in any UN mission.
(D) UN’s agenda of limiting non-performing countries in UNGA.
(E) UN’s plan towards reducing the use of nuclear disarmament.
(A) A mass killing especially by fire
(B) A deliberate slaying of a whole community and race.
(C) A rigid former policy of separating, and economically and politically tyrannizing the non-white population.
(D) A mercy killing
(E) The murder of one human being by another human being.
(A) India wants to withdraw China’s permanent membership.
(B) India is against the pacification missions.
(C) India criticizes other members of UN.
(D) India never participated in UN reforms.
(E) India’s permanent membership in UNSC.
5. Which among the following is the implication that cannot be logically made from the above passage?
(A) African countries are still deprived of permanent membership in UNSC.
(B) India always stood for racial discrimination.
(C) India has actively participated in many peacekeeping projects.
(D) India did not sign Non- Proliferation Treaty.
(E) India never maintained NAM
1.(D) Both A & B
2.(E) UN’s plan towards decreasing the use of nuclear disarmament.
3. (C) A rigid former policy of separating, and economically and politically oppressing the non
4. (E) India’s permanent membership in UNSC.
5.(E) India never supported NAM